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Dr. Swapna Goday Explains The Various Stages Of Prostate Cancer

Understanding the Various Stages of Prostate Cancer

Lewisville, TX – April 15, 2020 –Prostate cancer, just like other cancers, progresses through various stages or phases. It is vital that patients get to know what each stage of prostate cancer entails so they can understand better their prognosis and treatment options. The stages of prostate cancer indicate if cancer has spread and how far.

“Doctors use the TNM staging system to describe the various aspects of the growth of your cancer,” said Dr. Goday. “The staging of prostate cancer is based on factors such as screening tests like PSA blood tests, digital rectal exams, and imaging results from bone scans, CT scans, trans-rectal ultrasounds, and MRIs. Stages guide them on choosing the right treatment options and providing prognoses to patients.”

Here are the various stages of prostate cancer;

  • Stage I – This is the stage where the cancer is still confined to the prostate and is not detectable by imaging tests or physical examination. The discovery of prostate cancer at stage I is almost 80% with nearly 100% 5-year survival rate. The Gleason score is lower.
  • Stage II – Stage II prostate cancer is divided into IIA and IIB. Here, the tumor is still confined within the prostate. It may or may not be detected using imaging techniques or physical examinations. However, the cancer has advanced and has a high Gleason score, meaning that it may proliferate. Stage IIA means the cancer cells are confined to one lobe of the prostate. In stage IIB, cancer cells are found in one or both lobes.
  • Stage III – In stage III, prostate cancer has already spread to the nearby tissues and seminal vesicles.
  • Stage IV – This is an advanced stage where cancer has spread to the bones, lymph nodes, lungs, bladder, and other organs in the body. The 5-year survival rate for stage IV prostate cancer is 29%.

“Every prostate cancer case is different, and the stages are just guidelines that doctors use to determine treatments,” continued Dr. Goday. “The advancements in treatment are increasing chances of surviving prostate cancer. Also, the disease is often slow-growing, and those diagnosed may actually die from another unrelated cause.”

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