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Two Key Steps that May Lower Your Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Statistics from the National Cancer Institute reveal an annual prevalence of 140,000 cases of colorectal cancer in America. Colon cancer is the third leading cancer among men and women, excluding skin cancers. A healthy diet and regular screening lower the risk of developing colorectal cancer. 

Regular Screening

The prevalence of colorectal cancer has gone down since the early 1990s. Access to screening tools and increased awareness have contributed to a positive outcome. So far, there are 1.3 million colon cancer survivors in America.

Although colorectal cancer is preventable, only 65% of Americans go for recommended screening after 45 years. Colon cancer screening is essential because it spreads without noticeable symptoms in the initial stage. Also, the polyps are non-cancerous in the first stages.

If you have colorectal cancer risk factors or a family history of the disease, talk to your doctor to test you earlier and more frequently. Blood and stool tests detect microscopic amounts of blood in stool and damaged DNA. Some of the symptoms for the colorectal disease include:

  • Thin stools
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Jaundice
  • Anaemia
  • Abdominal cramps, discomforts, or bloating
  • Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Vomiting and nausea

Do not ignore any symptoms related to colon cancer; go for a check-up.

Proper Diet

Colorectal cancer begins in the lining of the colon and, or rectum.  The colon is the upper part of the large intestine, and it absorbs water, food, and stores wastes. The colon releases the waste to the rectum, which removes them from the body. Considering the relationship between the organs and food, you should pay attention to your diet. What should be in your diet?

  • Reduce processed and red meat
  • Limit salty food and sugary drinks
  • Fruits, beans, whole grains, and vegetables should constitute two-thirds of your plate
  • Cut down on alcohol consumption
  • Maintain a healthy BMI and weight
  • Get minerals and vitamins from food and not supplements

Colorectal cancer restricts the body from digesting and absorbing nutrients. The limitation leads to malnutrition and weight loss. A healthy diet helps you to endure cancer treatment and to remain strong throughout treatment.

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